Ratified and entried in force since 24 December 2014. → ATT Netherlands

Arms Export Reports available at: → Stop Wapenhandel → Export Control of Strategic Goods

The Dutch parliament has voted to ban arms exports to Saudi Arabia in protest against the kingdom’s humanitarian and rights violations. It sees the Netherlands become the first EU country to put in practice a motion by the European Parliament in February 2016 urging a bloc-wide Saudi arms embargo. The bill quoted UN figures which suggest almost 6,000 people - half of them civilians - have been killed since Saudi-led troops entered the conflict in Yemen. According to Reuters, the Dutch bill asks the government to implement a strict weapons embargo that includes dual-use exports which could potentially be used to violate human rights.
(Independent, Mar. 2016)

In July 2019 the Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation Sigrid Kaag decided, on the basis of new information, to remove previously imposed restrictions on Egypt. For the other countries in question (Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) the restrictions will remain in place. Since 27 November 2018 a presumption of denial was instituted on arms exports to the UAE and Egypt. This presumption of denial had previously been introduced for Saudi Arabia. The more restrictive policy was prompted by a report by the Group of International and Regional Eminent Experts on Yemen which posited a link between the navies of the coalition countries and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law.
In this context, ‘presumption of denial’ means that an export licence for military goods will not be issued for these end users unless it has been incontrovertibly demonstrated that the goods will not be used in the conflict in Yemen. In contrast with normal policy on assessing the risk of arms exports, the burden of proof under the new policy is thus reversed. The government is closely monitoring the situation in Yemen. New information about the involvement of the Egyptian navy in the operation in Yemen suggests that the navy is being deployed mainly to secure the waterways around the Suez Canal. There is no reason to assume that Egypt is involved in the maritime blockade of Yemen. This is why the presumption-of-denial policy was lifted for Egypt.
(Dutch Government, Aug. 2019)

Transfer of major weapons from Netherlands to Saudi Arabia / 2010-2019

In August 2015, Saudi Arabia sent new military equipment into Yemen, including dozens of tanks, armored vehicles and personnel carriers. In 2012 the Dutch government has granted an export license for communication systems for Saudi Main Battle Tanks worth € 6.6 million. In 2012 Thales said it was expecting follow-up orders for several hundreds of vehicles. The stage of this follow-up order is unknown. The Netherlands sold components for Typhoon and F-15 Fighter jets: both aircrafts are used in air strikes on Yemen.
(Stop Wapenhandel, Nov. 2015 )

2007 Components F15 fighter jet engines, military communication systems
2008 Communication systems and helmet sets, chairs for flight simulator (via UK)
2009 Components for portable surveillance radars, communication systems
2010 Components armored vehicles (via Belgium)
2012 Components of military simulation systems (via France), simulation bombs
2013 Components military simulation systems (via Germany); small components for Typhoon fighter jets (via Germany, € 23,500,00) and F15 fighter jets (€ 21,700,00) Armoured Lexus LX570
2014 Software for radar systems
2014 Aircraft parts for F15
2014 Components for Hawk jet trainers
2014 Naval systems (via France)
2014 Unspecified other aircraft (via Germany)
2014 Optech (via Germany)
2014 Training and smoke grenades (from Belgium)

Transfer of major weapons from Netherlands to United Arab Emirates / 2010-2019

The UAE used the M109 Howitzer in Yemen. Propelled grenades fired by these howitzers have a range of 35 kilometers and can be used for heavy shelling at long distance. A tactic with an enormous risk of collateral damage. The Netherlands sold 87 of these heavy self-propelled artillery systems (M109A2/A3 version or M109L47) to the UAE in 1997, after an RDM upgrade. There are still 858 or 879 in use. (Jordan also bought M109 howitzers from the Netherlands, but is not involved in ground operations in Yemen.) The sale of the howitzers to the UAE itself may be a long time ago; however, according to the last published reports the Netherlands exported components for M109 howitzers as recent as 2014. Also, in April 2006 and in December 2011, 52200 grenades of this calibre from Germany left Flushing (Vlissingen) by a ship heading for the UAE.
(Stop Wapenhandel, Nov. 2015 )

2004 Components radar- and radar fire control systems
2005 Components radar- and radar fire control systems
2006 Components radar fire control systems, components M109 howitzers
2007 Components surveillance and air defense radar systems, portable surveillance radars
2009 Components of rocket launchers (via US)
2010 Ammunition (7,62x51 mm)
2012 Ammunition calibre
2012 Technology for platform elevator, components for guided projectiles (via Turkey)
2013 Ammunition various calibre, cartridges cal 12,7mm
2013 Components for M109 howitzers
2014 Surveillance radar – and identification systems $61,3 million
2014 Components for M109 howitzer)
2014 Aircraft parts for F16
2014 Naval equipment for Sea Sparrow Canister (via US)
2014 Ammunition caliber 5,56 mm (from Swiss) Dutch transit
2014 Ammunition for small arms (from Swiss)
2014 Fuses (from France)
2014 Ammunition caliber 7,62x51 (from Swiss)
2014 Armoured cars (from UK)

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