GBU Paveway Laser Guided Bomb


WEAPON NAME GBU Paveway Laser Guided Bomb (LGB)

The Paveway kits convert Mk 80 free-fall "dumb" bombs into precision-guided munitions. Each guidance kit consists of a Computer Control Group Guidance system with a laser seeker and an Air Foil Group on the back end that provides lift and stability. A Targeting Pod is placed under the combat aircraft and it points to the designated target; the laser seeker of the kit guides the bomb towards the light signature; once a target is designated, the laser guidance is more accurate than GPS, but it can be foiled by weather conditions. → raytheonmissilesanddefense.com


Lockheed Martin, Archibald, Pennsylvania, UNITED STATES → lockheedmartin.com
Raytheon Missile and Defence, Tucson, Arizona, UNITED STATES → raytheonmissilesanddefense.com
Raytheon Missile and Defence, Harlow, UNITED KINGDOM → raytheon.com/uk


Weapon sales from United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia were banned in June 2019 after a Court of Appeal ruled that the government may have contravened international humanitarian law by approving weapon sales to the Saudis that might have been used in the civil war in Yemen. Britain is one of the largest exporters of defense equipment in the world, largely thanks to Saudi Arabia’s purchase over more than 30 years of Tornado and Typhoon combat jets as well as Hawk jet trainers. Raytheon Paveway IV precision-guided bombs, partly built in the U.K., are also among the list of recent significant sales to Saudi Arabia. In an action brought by anti-arms trade campaigners, the court ruling forced the British government to reassess whether previous export licenses had been issued on the correct legal basis, given alleged violations of international humanitarian law by the Saudi military, specifically reported airstrikes that hit civilian targets. (defensenews.com, Jul. 7, 2020)

The United States exports the Paveway kits to more than 30 countries in the world but Saudi Arabia and UAE (part of the coalition fighting in Yemen) are its first costumers. Saudi Arabia ordered 3100 Paveway kits in 2011, delivered between 2016 and 2018, and other 8120 kits as part of a $1.29 billion deal signed in November 2015, agreed during the state visit of Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud with former President Barack Obama on September 4th, 2015. Salman became the new King of Saudi Arabia on 23 January 2015 following the death of his half-brother, King Abdulla. Since then he has strengthened the relationship with the White House. (reuters.com, Nov.16, 2015)

Paveway Serie 1 = Laser-Guided Munitions
Paveway Serie 2 = Electro-Optical Guidance (TV) munition designated HOBO (“Homing Bomb”)
Paveway Serie 3 = Infrared Homing System

Arms Sales: → October 20th, 2010 → November 16th, 2015 → May 24th, 2019

Transfer of GBU Paveway LGB from United States to Saudi Arabia

Paveway Guided bomb 2009 100 2010-2011 100 GBU-10 and GBU-12 Paveway-2 versions
Paveway Guided Bomb 2011 3100 2013-2016 2100 Incl. 1100 GBU-24 Paveway-3 and 2000 Dual Mode Paveway
Paveway Guided Bomb 2015 8120 2016-2017 8120
Paveway Guided Bomb 2019 59000 / Incl. 50000 GBU-12 and 9000 GBU-10

Transfer of GBU Paveway LGB from United States to United Arab Emirates

Paveway Guided Bomb 2008 938 2010-2013 938 Incl. 450 GBU-24 Paveway-3 and 488 GBU-12 Paveway-2
GBU-39 SDB Guided Bomb 2014 5000 2015-2019 5000
Paveway Guided bomb 2017 13640 2018-2019 6000 Dh2.5 b. deal

Transfer of GBU Paveway LGB from United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia

Paveway Guided bomb 2013 2400 2015 2400 £150 m ($250 m) deal; Paveway-4 version; for Typhoon/ Tornado combat aircraft


An emergency authorization declared by the Trump administration allows Raytheon Company to team with the Saudis to build high-tech bomb parts in Saudi Arabia. The move grants Raytheon and the Saudis sweeping permission to begin assembling the control systems, guidance electronics and circuit cards that are essential to the company’s Paveway smart bombs. The United States has closely guarded such technology for national security reasons. The new arrangement is part of a larger arms package, previously blocked by Congress, that includes 120,000 precision-guided bombs that Raytheon is prepared to ship to the coalition. These will add to the tens of thousands of bombs that Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have already stockpiled, and some in Congress fear the surplus would let the countries continue fighting in Yemen long into the future. The move also includes support for Saudi F-15 warplanes, mortars, anti-tank missiles and 50-caliber rifles. (nytimes.com, Jun. 7, 2019)

IDENTIFICATION Bomb that killed 40 children on a school bus in Yemen was US-made (Aug. 9, 2018)
GBU-Paveway-LGB-remnant Remnants of a GBU Paveway II LGB at min. 1:50

Manufacturing Part and National Stock Number listed on www.parttarget.com

GEOLOCATION Dahyan, Saada Governorate, Yemen → 17°03’51.1”N 43°36’05.7”E
GBU-Paveway-LGB-sadaa-bus-bombing-geolocation-satellite Satellite Image, Apple Maps

(Verified Investigation → Bellingcat Yemen Project)

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